In a world where self-defence is a recognized right of states, it is remarkable that some 140 states have signed a treaty by which they themselves prohibit access to the most destructive weapons. The fundamental non-proliferation regime – the Non-Proliferation Treaty, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the guidelines of nuclear suppliers and various bilateral agreements – has not solved the problem of nuclear proliferation, but it has mitigated it by imposing additional burdens on the prolifer. Smart bureaucrats and military officers find obstacles. Political leaders must realize that the development of nuclear weapons can have too high a political cost. While some countries have not complied with the treaty, the regime has so far limited the problem of nuclear proliferation to a handful of troubled countries.12 With the thesis of the West`s persistent hostility towards Russia, the Kremlin`s national narrative pays particular attention to the legacy of world war II or the Great Patriotic War. , as a cornerstone of Russia`s claim to recognition as a great power and a special voice in European affairs. According to this account, Russia, more than any other nation, contributed to the defeat of Nazi Germany. During public discussions on constitutional changes in 2020, some politicians even proposed a specific amendment that would confirm Russia`s status as a „national winner“ in the conflict.20 The proposal deserved a positive comment from Putin, but it was finally put on hold.21 On May 24, 2002, Presidents George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin signed the Treaty to Reduce Strategic Strategy (Offensive or Moscow Treaty) after the United States and Russia reduced their strategic arsenals to 1700-2,200 heads reduced. The warhead border came into force and expired on the same day, December 31, 2012. Although the two sides have not agreed on specific counting rules, The Bush administration stated that the United States would reduce only warheads used on strategic active-duty delivery vehicles (i.e. „operational“ warheads) and would not count warheads removed from service and placed in warehouses or warheads on delivery vehicles that are obsolete or repaired.